Bad Acne on face
Acne affects males and females in almost equal numbers although males tend to have more severe forms. Acne is found throughout the world – no race is immune from it.
Acne in Medicine
The medical term for acne is Acne Vulgaris. Medically speaking, acne is defined as lesions which break out on the skin. These lesions can be in various forms such as whiteheads, blackheads, or cysts. It is caused by clogged pores due to an overabundance of sebum – an oily substance that keeps the hair and skin lubricated and supple.
Causes of bad acne
The body produces an overstock of sebum during puberty and this is the reason that acne is commonly seen as a “teenage” problem. Sebum production usually tapers off by the time we hit our twenties, reducing the occurrence of pimples and acne.
The excess sebum can clog pores, but it is not the only culprit behind acne. Another factor that contributes to acne is the excess production of follicle cells that also occurs during adolescence. The excess cells die off and can accumulate and combine with sebum to form whiteheads.
The oil and dead cell mix also creates a breeding ground for bacteria. The bacteria causes the redness and swelling which are typical of pimples.
There are two basic types of bad acne treatment – over-the-counter and prescription. The first two parts of this series will look at over-the-counter (OTC) acne treatment.
Over-the-Counter Bad Acne Treatments
Most people, on seeing their first zit, first think of going to the drug store for some “pimple cream.” Friends or parents may have recommendations for a “good” acne treatment.
The problem is, though, that what works for one person may not work for another. It may be a matter of trial and error before you find a particular OTC bad acne treatment that is effective.
And it’s always a good idea to consult a doctor before using any OTC medication. Pay a visit to your family doctor – he or she can determine which type of acne you have and suggest a suitable course of acne treatment. Your doctor can also refer you to a dermatologist if you prefer having your acne treated professionally.
Types of Bad Acne Treatments
There are several different types compounds that can be used for acne treatment so a knowledge of the various types and how they work can help you choose a suitable OTC medication for your acne.
Many acne treatments have benzoyl peroxide gel for acne scars as their main active ingredient. This is useful against the bacteria that causes redness and swelling. Benzoyl peroxide for acne scars is also good for removing the dead skin cells which can cause blackheads and whiteheads.
Once the acne has cleared up, the acne treatment containing benzoyl peroxide can continue to be used to keep the skin free of bacteria. If the acne treatment causes the skin to become too dry simply cut back on the frequency of application. Another drawback is that it can bleach hair and clothing on contact, so care must be taken when applying it.
Benzoyl peroxide is found in acne gels and ointments.